December 04, 2023
Summary: Heat pumps are a super easy way to combine heat and cooling in 1 device. They have great tax incentives and will save you money on your heating and cooling bills. They have been used in Europe for years and are finally coming to the US.
Air-source heat pumps have become a popular choice for homeowners looking for an energy-efficient way to heat and cool their homes. Unlike traditional furnaces and air conditioners that generate heat, air-source heat pumps work by transferring heat between your home and the outside air.
Heat pumps operate on the same principles as your refrigerator. During the colder months, these heat pumps extract heat from the outdoor air and move it inside your home. You might wonder, “Is there still heat in the air when it’s cold out?” The answer is yes! Even in cold air, there is some heat present, and advanced air-source heat pumps are designed to extract this heat efficiently. In the summer, the process is reversed: the heat pump takes the warm air from inside your home and transfers it outside. This dual functionality makes air-source heat pumps a versatile and efficient option for year-round comfort.
Heat pumps are significantly more efficient than other sources of heating. Transferring existing heat requires significantly less energy than creating heat. Furnaces that consume fuel, whether that fuel is gas, oil, or propane, must create heat. The efficiency of a heat pump can be several times higher than that of traditional heating sources.
The efficiency of a heat pump is measured by the Coefficient of Performance (COP). The COP is the ratio of the amount of heating or cooling provided to the amount of electrical energy consumed. For heat pumps, the COP typically ranges between 3 and 5, meaning that for every unit of energy consumed, three to five units of heat are produced. In contrast, traditional electric heaters have a COP of around 1, as they convert all the electrical energy they use directly into heat.
Air-source heat pumps offer a versatile, energy-efficient, and increasingly cost-effective solution for heating and cooling your home. While they do have some limitations, the benefits often outweigh the drawbacks, making them a smart choice for many homeowners. If you’re considering an upgrade to your home’s heating and cooling system, an air-source heat pump could be the energy-efficient solution you’ve been searching for.
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